INTERNATIONAL COOPERATION OF NATIONAL STATISTICS SYSTEM OF MONGOLIA
From the initial days of the People's Revolution in 1921, the Government of Mongolia acknowledged the importance of registration office for collection and organization of population, property and livestock census and implemented a series of measures to introduce registration and statistics. In the resolution of the first session of the Great Khural held on November 10th, 1924 it was stated that “Any state statistical and registration activities were important and crucial and it was necessary to establish registration unit responsible for that matter”. This resolution formalized and legalized the establishment of statistical and registration unit. Following the resolution on November 11th, 1924 the Registration Division was established with six staff under the Ministry of Internal Affairs. This laid down the foundation of the statistical institution in the country. From the first days of the foundation of modern statistical system the former USSR played a crucial role in preparation of the first professional specialists in statistics and in improvement of statistics. Beginning 1926 the statistical specialists were prepared in Moscow, Russia. Those, who were trained at universities in the former Soviet Union, were the first national statistical experts. Furthermore, the highly qualified statisticians, engineers and technical experts were invited from SU to provide expertise and train Mongolian staff.
Beginning 1980s NSO Mongolia pursed effective bilateral cooperation and shared experience with statistical organizations of the Democratic Republic of Germany, Czechoslovakia, Yugoslavia, Poland, Bulgaria, Hungary, Vietnam, Cuba and Romania. It has started the collaboration with statistical institutions of market economies since 1990s.
NSO Mongolia is working closely with the statistical institutions through the bilateral cooperation agreement and memorandum of understanding. As of 2020, there are 12 countries with bilateral cooperation, which are Russia, Korea, Germany, Japan, Australia, China, Vietnam, Bangladesh, Finland, Hungary, Kazakhstan, Belarus.
In 2020, NSO Mongolia had signed a memorandum of agreement with National Statistical Committee of the Republic of Belarus during the highest level international statistical event, the 51st session of United Nations Statistical Commission.
Within the scope of bilateral cooperation, the representatives of statistical offices commit official bilateral visits to establish the cooperation forms and exchange data, information; specialists organize short term courses to mutually learn the best practice.
The United Nations and its specialized agencies have played an important role to the development of Mongolian statistical system. NSO Mongolia collaborated with the UN and its specialized agencies to provide statistical data, obtain methodological advice and recommendations and exchange information.
NSO started collaboration with the United Nations Development Program (UNDP) from 1970-1971. In the late 1970s the collaboration between NSO and the UNDP strengthened thanks to the proposal of the Government of Mongolia to the UNDP to establish a Computing Center in Mongolia.
With the Mongolia’s transition to a market economy in 1990, a new phase of international relations of NSO has started. NSO has made great efforts to expand its bilateral and multilateral cooperation and implemented various programs and projects. NSO has taken stepwise measures to develop statistical indicators and methodologies in line with international standards and implementation of the System of National Accounts. It has been actively working with the UN and its specialized agencies namely UNSD, United Nations Development Program, United Nations Population Fund, United Nations Children's Fund, World Bank, Asian Development Bank, International Monetary Fund, Organization for Economic Co-operation and Development, Eurostat and a wide range of international organizations to conduct surveys in population and social statistics and strengthen human resource capacities. Afterward, we started to conduct living standard sample surveys since 1995, a sample survey of Reproductive Health since 1998, surveys have been conducted regularly. The population and housing census in 2000 and 2010, time usage and labour force sample survey were held with the sponsorship and technological support of international organizations.
Mongolia has been participating in sessions of the UNSC as an observer. In recent years, NSO has become more active and engaged effectively in all events and activities organized by international statistical network. In 2011 Mongolia was elected as one of 24 members of the UNSC that represents 194 UN member countries and that became an emphasizing event not only for statistical field but to the whole country. One of the significant accomplishments in the area of international relations was establishment of Ulaanbaatar city group of economies based on natural resources and organization of regular meetings. Furthermore, handbook of Ulaanbaatar city group economies based on natural resources, approved by the 49th session of UN Statistics Commission.
Multilateral cooperation to strengthen the capacity of the central and provincial statistical fields.
Cooperating with United Nations Statistics Division and the Economic and Social Commission for Asia and the Pacific (ESCAP) to develop statistical system
Cooperating with United Nations Statistical Institute for Asia and the Pacific (SIAP) and Japan International Cooperation Agency (JICA) to professionalize statistical field cadres.
Cooperating with the World Bank to capacity of the statistical system and to estimate poverty.
Furthermore, United Nations Development Program, United Nations Population Fund, United Nations Children’s Fund, International Labour Organization, Asian Development Bank, International Monetary Fund, United Nations Food and Agriculture Organization, United Nations Development Fund for Women, United Nations Industrial Development Organization, World Health Organization, World Bank, ANCSDAAP, EFTA, JICA, KOICA, Paris21 and a wide range of international organizations cooperating with NSO Mongolia in their related fields.
In 2019, NSO Mongolia became a chair of the Board for the Partnership in Statistics for Development in the 21st Century (PARIS21), as one of the Co-chairs of the High-level Group for Partnership, Coordination and Capacity Building (HLG-PCCB), as a President of ANCSDAAP in 2018-2020 and as a member of Governing council of SIAP period 2019-2022.
NSO MONGOLIA IN THE INTERNATIONAL STATISTICS SYSTEM
In the recent years, NSO representatives has been actively participated in the regional statistical commissions, both Asia and the Pacific and European statistical commissions, learning from the best practices and sharing its experience. Also, NSO Mongolia has been working in a high-level groups technical consultant teams. Directors and specialist of NSO Mongolia are working in the international statistical system, as a member of following the board, high-level and working groups:
- Co-chair of the High-level Group for Partnership, Coordination, and capacity- Building for statistics for the 2030 Sustainable Development
- Chair of the Board for the Partnership in Statistics for Development in the 21st Century (PARIS21)
- President of the ANCSDAAP
- Member of the ISI
- Member of Governing council of SIAP period 2019-2022.
- Board member of UN ESCAP's Economic Statistics Regional Program
- Board member of UN-ESCAP's Population and Social Statistics
- Member of Regional Steering Group on CRVS
- Initiator of the " Ulaanbaatar city group of economies based on natural resources“
- Washington Group's member of the Disability Statistics
- Member of the Asia-Pacific Expert Group on Disaster-related Statistics
- Task team of UN ESCAP's business register
- Member of project group "The international strategy to improve agriculture and rural area statistics" initiated by United Nations Food and Agriculture Organization
- Member of the Working Group consisting of National Accounts Statistics units secretaries
- Member of the High-Level Group for the Modernisation of Official Statistics, UNECE
- Member of Advisory Group of the UNSD-DFID Project on SDG Monitoring